Offering a glimpse into the turbulent history of Lushun, this excursion stops at a cultural museum, a former prison and a Russian-built fortress.
Depart from the pier and drive approximately one hour to the southernmost tip of the Liaodong Peninsula to Lushun, a port district that has been strategically important since the 3rd century. Also known as Port Arthur, Lushun has had a long history of military conflicts and hostile occupation.
Nevertheless, much of its past is celebrated, as you'll discover in the Lushun Museum. It houses more than 30,000 cultural relics, including Buddhist artwork, pottery handicrafts and several mummies believed to be more than 1,300 years old. One of the museum's most highly prized pieces is a double-dragon bronze basin from the Song Dynasty that vibrates and makes an odd buzzing sound when the handles are rubbed. Also on display here is the earliest known silk Buddhist scripture from Xinjiang.
Continuing on, you'll visit a former prison built by the Russians in 1902. Up to 2,000 prisoners were once held here, and many of them suffered horribly. There's a room where confessions were coaxed and another room where those who didn't cooperate were hanged. The building is now a museum with poignant exhibitions promoting human rights and is considered one of China's most important national historical sites.
Your tour draws to a close with a final stop at a Russian-built fortress, the site of a key battle during the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905. Although the Russians were entrenched in the fortress and effecting heavy losses on the enemy, their general surrendered, mistakenly thinking that Lushun was falling because the Russian fleet had been destroyed. He was later court-martialed.
Following this visit, you'll re-board your coach and transfer directly back to the pier in Dalian.
Please note: This tour includes approximately 90-minutes of moderate walking and climbing with approximately 150 stairs to negotiate. The tour is not available to wheelchair guests and not recommended for those with mobility concerns. Weather appropriate casual clothing; sun cap; sunglasses; and flat, comfortable walking shoes are recommended. The order of the sights viewed or visited may vary and guests should be prepared for the possibility of crowded conditions at some of the attractions.